Pediatric Trauma Society

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A Pilot Firearm Safety Device Giveaway and Safe Firearm Storage Education Event
Kiesha Fraser Doh, MD1; Rabbia Warris, MD1; Harold Simon, MD2; Matthew Santore, MD2; Angela Boy, DrPH3; Johnathan Johnson, BSN, RN, NRP, TCRN3
1Emory University, Atlanta, GA; 2Emory University and Childrens' Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA; 3Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA

Background: In the US, 40% of households with children contain firearms and only 1/3rd store all firearms locked and unloaded which increases risk of unintentional and self-inflicted injuries. An estimated 31% of accidental deaths can be prevented by using safety devices. One study noted that after distributing firearm safety devices 75% of participants were using devices and keeping firearm and ammunition locked. Thus our objective being to giveaway safe storage devices, educate on inquiring about firearm storage and assess the impact at follow-up.

Method: At two independent events, parents/guardians completed a survey on demographics, firearm safety training, firearm ownership/storage and inquiring about firearms. Firearm safety devices were distributed. Follow-up surveys were collected 4 weeks later. Data was evaluated using descriptive analysis.

Result: Two-hundred and ninety-eight participants with children at home were included. Seventy-three percent (218) reported discussing firearm safety with children and fifty percent (150) inquired about safe firearm storage in homes children visit. Two-hundred and fourteen (72%) reported having firearms at home of which 101 (47%) stored some or all of their firearms unlocked and/or loaded. All received firearm safety devices and 163 (76%) reported intent to utilize. Sixty participants with firearms completed follow-up survey. Of which, 54 (90%) were using a firearm safety device and 42 (70%) had all firearms locked and unloaded.

Conclusion: Survey participants were receptive to firearm storage devices and education. Due to limited follow up, results may not be reflective of true impact thus more research is planned to evaluate effectiveness of intervention.

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