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Carseat Education for Parents: DVD-Based Social Learning vs. Traditional Didactic
Rebecca Ragar, MPH, Erin Kuroiwa, MHI, Angelica Baker, Sally Moffat, RN, MSN and David Notrica, MD, Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix AZ

Abstract:
Objective:
To determine the best teaching method for parent proficiency in child passenger safety. Methods: A randomized controlled trial of 212 parents seeking car seat education. Parents were assigned to didactic (n=102) or social learning/DVD (n=110). The didactic class involved live lecture; the social learning/DVD class included a brief lecture and a video utilizing social learning principles Simple Steps to Child Passenger Safety. Proficiency in child passenger safety was evaluated pre- and post- class via: (1) 5-question confidence assessment; (2) 15-question knowledge test; and (3) 5-part car seat installation demonstration. Data were summarized and compared between groups using nonparametric tests. Results: Participants were mostly female (95%); 92% (n=195) reported prior car seat installation. Test scores are shown. Conclusion: Both teaching methods improved parent proficiency in child passenger restraint. A DVD-based social learning teaching method, which requires less time and resources, can be used in child passenger safety community outreach programs. Methods should be evaluated to find ways to increase the percentage of participants demonstrating post-class car seat installation proficiency.
Figures:

Objective:
At the end of this activity, the learner will be able to compare parent proficiency in child passenger safety for two teaching methods.Objective Content:
Demographics of class participants, confidence in car seat installation ability, knowledge of car seat use, demonstration of child passenger restraint.


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